Assisi

Assisi

 

The origins of Assisi, as in other cities' in Umbria, are uncertain. It was inhabited, originally, from a population, the Umbrians, settled in central Italy. Subsequently resentment 'Etruscan and Roman influence, how' well documented by many vestiges of the Roman "municipium" called Asisium. Among these vestiges there ', well preserved, the facade of the Temple of Minerva, the remains of the Forum, the amphitheater, the Roman walls. After the fall of the 'Roman Empire, the city' became a insediamentodei Goths around 545. More 'later falling into the hands Lombard. Around the year 1000, it became an independent municipality. During this time he met an extraordinary development, especially through the monastic movement (especially the Benedictines). St. Francis was born around 1180, the most 'famous of its citizens. In 1202, during a war with neighboring Perugia, Francis was taken prisoner and held in prison for over a year. In 1206, he devoted himself to the service of God in the following of Christ, through the service of the poor, living in poverty himself. Famous is his renunciation public, in the square of Assisi, all the wealth of the rich parent. Francis was canonized in 1228, just two years after his death, by Pope Gregory IX. The city 'was first under the rule and then under the papacy. Then it was the turn of the lords like that of Gian Galeazzo Visconti, the Montefeltro family, Braccio Fortinbras and Francesco Sforza, until the middle 'of the sixteenth century, when Umbria was conquered by Pope Paul III who built' the famous "Rocca Paolina "in Perugia and reestablished 'papal control over the city'. Most 'late in the nineteenth century, the city' became part of the nascent Italian state, along with other cities' Umbria.

 

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